In the end, all parties recognized the need to “prevent, minimize and address losses and damages,” but in particular any mention of compensation or liability is excluded.  The Convention also takes up the Warsaw International Loss and Damage Mechanism, an institution that will attempt to answer questions about how to classify, address and co-responsible losses.  “I don`t think anyone will follow Mr Trump from Paris,” said Peter Betts, a former negotiator for Britain and the EU in global climate negotiations and now a fellow at Chatham House. The Paris climate conference was held from 30 November to 12 December 2015. This was the 21st meeting of the Conference of the Parties (COP 21) at the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) and the 11th meeting of the Conference of the Parties to the Kyoto Protocol (CMP 11). Delegations from some 150 countries participated in negotiations for a new comprehensive and legally binding agreement on climate change. The authors of the agreement have set a withdrawal period that President Trump must follow – which prevents him from irreparably harming our climate. Although the long-term persistent temperatures signed up to the agreement, average temperatures in the first half of 2016 were about 1.3 degrees Celsius above the 1880 average when global records began.  The Environment Council has adopted conclusions that define the EU`s position for the UN climate change conference to be held in Paris. Ministers agreed that the EU intends to reach an ambitious, legally binding and dynamic agreement to keep global warming below 2oC. In addition, countries are working to reach “the global peak in greenhouse gas emissions” as soon as possible.
The agreement has been described as an incentive and engine for the sale of fossil fuels.   In order to “significantly reduce the risks and effects of climate change,” the agreement calls for the average increase in global temperature over this century to be well below 2 degrees Celsius, while continuing efforts to limit the increase in temperature to 1.5 degrees Celsius. It also calls on countries to commit as quickly as possible to comparing global greenhouse gas emissions and to become carbon neutral by the second half of this century.